Dog Enrichment During COVID-19

During these “interesting times”, as long as it’s still safe to do so, taking your dog for a “Sniff and Stroll” walk outside — especially in a park area where there are trees — is one of the best ways to provide for your dog’s mental, physical, and emotional well-being.

NOTE: if your dog is over-reactive, fearful, aggressive, or pulls too much on walks, I can help you with that. I do offer remote dog training/behaviour modification services through video chat, phone, or email.

Nature is healing for humans and for animals. Sunlight, fresh air, trees, a relaxing walk casually exploring — these all help you and your dog’s stress levels as well. When dogs are allowed to stop and sniff (safe places to sniff, mind you), their heart rates lower and the “thinking areas” of their brains are engaged. A “sniff walk” can be mentally tiring for a dog and can produce much more calm behaviour than a fast “mindless march walk” where the dog walks briskly but doesn’t get to stop and sniff.

Here are some additional ways to help your dog’s mental, physical, and emotional well-being. Please contact me if you need help teaching these. I can provide dog training services and behaviour consults through video chat, phone, and email.

1. COOPERATIVE CARE: I highly recommend teaching some “cooperative care” skills where your dog learns to enjoy some important animal husbandry activities like teeth brushing, pill taking, nail trims, brushing, tick checks, ear checks, etc.

2. BASIC SKILLS/MANNERS: Work on some basic skills that may need some work — using positive reinforcement methods only. Insert a sense of play into the training. Start from Kindergarten and you’ll be amazed at the change in your dog’s behaviours and relationship with you. If you’ve used coercion, sharp noises or emotional pressure, corrections, scolding, punishment in the past for these skills, you may want to change the word for them. For example, if you’ve always had a stern voice when you use the commands “Drop!”, “Off!”,  “Stay!” or “Come!” then you may want to change to a new word for these since your dog may have a negative emotional response to those words. Ideas for skills to brush up:

  • Not jumping up on you or guests
  • Waiting away from the door when someone is at the dog
  • Not making a fuss when someone walks past the front window or yard
  • Going to dog bed and laying down to settle
  • Going into the dog crate to settle
  • Going potty on cue
  • Waiting for the food bowl
  • Releasing a toy or other object when asked
  • Not grabbing food that falls on the floor


3. INSTINCTIVE BEHAVIOURS: Provide opportunities for your dog to do natural, instinctive behaviours:

  • Foraging: instead of feeding the dog’s meal in a bowl, sprinkle it in a room (or two rooms) or leave kibble trails in the yard and then let your dog forage for the food.  Snuffle mats or food sprinkled in the folds of a towel on the floor can work, too.
  • Tearing things apart: cardboard boxes (remove plastic, tape, and staples) are great opportunities to for your dog to destroy something. If your dog needs help getting started, put bits of food inside or a toy inside and then encourage your dog to open up the box. You can even tear a bit yourself and show your dog what to do.
  • Digging: if you have a special area in your yard or an empty plastic kiddie pool that you can fill with dirt or sand (or even snow or pea rock) that can be fun for your dog to dig. Hide toys or chews — things of value to your dog — and let your dog dig a bit to find them.
  • Scent Work: Teach your dog SEARCH Fun so you can then give your dog search tasks to find. It’s a great way to let your dog do the job he/she was born to do.
  • Figuring Things Out: This includes food dispensing balls (or empty water bottles, cardboard tubes, boxes), puzzle toys.

4. PLAY INTO TRAINING: Set up an obstacle course indoors or out in the yard using objects that your dog can go under, over, on, inside, through, around, etc. Try a bit of Dog Parkour if your dog is physically able. This can be done indoors, in the yard, on a walk.

5. CAR RIDES: Driving to a new place can be enriching for your dog, even if your dog doesn’t leave the car. Open the windows a bit to let in the outside smells and sounds and watch your dog’s nose and ears twitch.  If your dog doesn’t enjoy car rides or isn’t mannerly during one, then work on that.

6. CLASSICAL CONDITIONING TO THE NEW NORMAL: Start now to teach your dog that people in medical masks — including you — are no big deal. 


Now is the time to teach your dog to be okay with you (and others) in a medical mask (just in case)

Sometimes dogs can respond poorly when they see unfamiliar things or things that make them feel uncertain — such as you or other people wearing medical masks. Teach your dog how to be okay with seeing people in medical masks by using the power of classical conditioning. It sounds complicated, but it’s quite simple.

Quite simply, you want to condition your dog to have a positive emotional response to seeing you (and others) in a medical mask. This is done by pairing the sight of the mask on someone’s face with something the dog has a very positive feeling about (food is the easiest).

Follow these steps, and spend as much time on each step as your dog needs. Watch for very subtle signs of stress so you’ll know that you need to slow down or move back a few steps.

  1. Hold the mask beside your face then give your dog a small piece of tasty food. Move mask away from your face for a pause, then repeat.
  2. Briefly hold the mask over your mouth with one hand, give the dog a treat with the other hand, then move the mask away from your face. Pause. Repeat.
  3. Hold the mask over your mouth with one hand for two seconds. During this time, give your dog a treat with your other hand. Move the mask away from your face after you give the dog a treat. Repeat.
  4. Put the mask on but place it under your chin — not covering your mouth. Give your dogs several treats in a row. Remove the mask. Repeat.
  5. Put the mask on, but place it under your chin — not covering your mouth. Give your dog one treat. Then move the mask over your mouth. Give a treat. Then move the mask away off your mouth and back under your chin. Repeat.
  6. Repeat Step 5 but this time when the mask is over your mouth give your dog a few treats in a row.
  7. Repeat Step 6 but this time stretch the time between the treat while you are wearing the mask over your mouth. Ask your dog to do some easy tricks/skills.
  8. When it’s time to feed your dog a meal, put the mask on, cover your mouth, then feed your dog. When it’s time to play with your dog, put your mask on and play with your dog while wearing it.
  9. Start to wear your mask around the house when you’re doing mundane things that your dog finds boring or relaxing. Do not wear the mask yet while you are doing things that your dog finds scary (e.g. vacuuming).
  10. Ask family members to put on a mask, starting with Step one. You can feed the dog the treat when your dog sees the other person put the mask on.

If you are out walking your dog and you encounter a person wearing a medical mask, pop a treat in your dog’s mouth right after your dog notices the person. Don’t point out the person to your dog. Let your dog notice the person on his/her own, and when your dog does, pop a treat in your dog’s mouth. You may have to get your dog enough distance from the person so your dog isn’t stressed. For example, if the person is walking towards you and your dog, cross the street or change your direction so the person approaches on a curve or from left to right (or right to left). This way your dog can observe the person but the person is not heading directly towards the dog.